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What is Holodomor

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(based on two Ukrainian words: holod – ‘hunger, starvation,famine,’ and moryty – ‘to induce suffering, to kill’) was an act of genocide against the Ukrainian people, committed by the Soviet Communist regime in 1932–33.


IN THE EARLY 1930s, in the very heart of Europe – in a region considered to be the Soviet Union’s breadbasket –Stalin’s Communist regime committed a horrendous act of genocide against millions of Ukrainians. An ancient nation of agriculturists was subjected to starvation, one of the most ruthless forms of torture and death. The government imposed exorbitant grain quotas, in some cases confiscating supplies down to the last seed.quote3

The territory of Soviet Ukraine and the predominantly Ukrainianpopulated Kuban region of the Northern Caucasus (Soviet Russia) were isolated by armed units, so that people could not go in search of food to the neighbouring Soviet regions where it was more readily available. The result was the Ukrainian genocide of 1932–33, known in Ukrainian as the Holodomor, or extermination by famine.

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THE BOLSHEVIK REGIME had already experimented with the weapon of starvation in 1921- 1923, when it took advantage of drought to create famine conditions in Ukraine to crush resistance to its rule. In 1932 Stalin decided to vanquish the Ukrainian farmers by means of starvation and thus break the Ukrainian national revival that had begun in the 1920s and was rekindling Ukrainian aspirations for an independent state. Stalin always believed that the national question was “in essence, a peasant question” and that “the peasantry constitutes the main army of the national movement.”

Holodomor victim

ENFORCED STARVATION reached its peak in winter-spring of 1933 when 25,000 persons died every day. As a result of the Holodomor from 20 to 25 percent of the population of Soviet Ukraine was exterminated. ANOTHER DREADFUL RESULT of the Holodomor was an extremely high children’s mortality rate. In the hope of saving their children, peasants would stole through closed borders guarded by NKVD troops (Soviet secret police agency), and abandon them in urban areas,that were less affected by starvation.






In late spring 1933, for example, over 300,000 homeless children were recorded in the Kyiv region alone. Since orphanages and children’s shelters were already overcrowded, most of these children died on the streets of starvation and disease. In September 1933, approximately two-thirds of Ukrainian pupils were recorded as missing from schools.